Hemp seeds contain a high proportion of amino acids in ratios best suited for human assimilation. Hemp seeds also contain approximately 23% protein, perfect for smoothies or snacks. In addition to protein, they are also high in dietary fiber and contain essential minerals including Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium and Sulphur, yet are low in heavy metals such as strontium, thorium and arsenic chromium.
Humans MUST consume fat in order to obtain an adequate supply of the two Essential Fatty Acids (EFA’s) Linoleic Acid (LA) and Linolenic Acid (LNA). Hemp seeds provides 2.2 times more LA than LNA – 55% Linoleic Acid (LA) and 25% Linolenic Acid (LNA) – as well as Gamma Linolenic acid (GLA), making it the best nutrient for optimal health and prevention of fatty degeneration.
EFA’s are required by the human body in order to maintain hormonal balance, healthy skin, hair, general health and well- being. This is the reason they are referred to as ‘essential’
fatty acids and the rest are merely fatty acids or simply ‘fats.’ Over-consumption of saturated fat is harmful. Advice from scientists and the health food industry generally suggests that most people’s regular dietary habits should include a reduction of saturated fat intake.
Furthermore, hemp seeds are far more valuable, in terms of concentrated nutrients, than soybeans, which are the closest vegan alternative. Tests are currently in progress in regards to the use of EFA’s to treat cancer and help support the immune system of those with the HIV virus.
Research links essential fatty acid deficiency to cancer, cardiovascular disease, autoimmune disorders, impaired wound healing, breast pain, pre- menstrual syndrome, hormonal imbalance, multiple sclerosis, skin and hair disorders. The type of fat in one’s diet is therefore critically important. If we simply increase our intake of EFA’s to 12-15% of our total daily food consumption, this will quicken our metabolic rate, creating a thermogenic reaction that causes fat burn off and weight loss. LA and LNA also substantially shorten time required for fatigued muscles to recover after exercise and they facilitate the conversion of lactic acid to water and carbon dioxide.
The principal product made from hemp seeds is undoubtedly the oil. Hemp oil offers a high nutritional value with a 3:1 ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 essential fatty acids, which matches the balance required by the human body.
Purified or refined hemp seed oil is clear and colorless, but it looses the natural vitamins and antioxidants in the processing. Refined hemp seed oil is primarily used in body care products. Industrial hemp seed oil is used in fuel, paints, plastics, etc.
Hemp oil is extracted from the hemp seeds by using a press. The press has a slowly rotating worm-shaft that squeezes out the majority of the oil and separates out the remaining seed matter known as the seed cake. The whole process is done in an oxygen-free environment in order to reduce oxidation.